Identifying the Causes of Infertility in Women

Identifying the Causes of Infertility in Women

Infertility is a rising health problem that is caused by several health conditions. About 30% of infertility cases are associated with female fertility factors. Infertility in females can lead to the disruption of mental and physical health. Determining the causes of infertility and being aware of them is important for women considering conceiving. Understanding these cases will allow them to easily address all their problems and find a perfect IVF  treatment in Punjab for their inability to conceive after trying for a long time.  

Exploring the Common Causes of Infertility in Women

  • Ovulation Disorders
  • Uterine Diseases
  • Tubal-Related Infertility

Ovulation Disorders

Ovulation disorders are the prime reason for infertility in women. 

Ovulation is one of the phases of the menstrual cycle, which involves the release of a single egg by the ovaries, which fertilises with the sperm in order to achieve pregnancy. Ovulation disorders are caused by any obstruction in the process of ovulation. Such disorders are the reason for 25% of infertility issues.

A number of factors interfering with the biological process can cause ovulation disorders that primarily contribute to infertility in women. These problems can be addressed at the best IVF centre in Ludhiana for effective care. 

The factors that result in irregularities of ovulation or anovulation, causing infertility in women, include: 

Primary Ovarian Insufficiency(POI):

POI, or Primary Ovarian Insufficiency, is also known as premature ovarian failure.   The condition of POI occurs when the number of eggs present in the ovaries is extremely low or the ovaries stop the production of eggs prematurely in women below the age of 40. This is caused by autoimmune conditions or genetic conditions resulting in infertility problems in women.

Hormone Irregularities

Hormonal imbalance or irregularities are one of the main reasons for irregular ovulation. Some hormones, like follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and prolactin, are important for maintaining the process of ovulation. An imbalance in the hormones affects ovulation and, thereby, the chances of conception. Some conditions that take place due to hormonal irregularities are:

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS):

This is one of the most common and major causes of infertility issues in women. Under this condition, a number of small cysts or fluid-filled sacs form in the ovaries, contributing to ovulation problems. 

High Prolactin Levels (Hyperprolactinemia): The disruption in the functions of the pituitary gland can lead to an increase in the production of prolactin hormone. The increased amount of prolactin poses a negative impact on the FSH and LH levels resulting in ovulation problems and infertility issues. 

Thyroid Dysfunction:

Thyroid dysfunction, which is an endocrine disorder, can cause an underactive or overactive thyroid gland, which leads to disruption in the hormone levels of the thyroid, affecting the chances of conception. 

Low Egg Quality and Quantity

The quality as well as quantity of the eggs have a great impact on female fertility. By birth, women have a definite number of eggs. With the increase in age the quality as well as quantity of these eggs starts to decline leading to decreased chances of conception.The problem can be treated with an IVF treatment in Punjab

Uterine Diseases

Good uterine health is essential for successful implantation and to carry out pregnancy without any problems. The uterine disease causes an interruption in the growth of embryos by hindering implantation. Uterine diseases that prevent implantation and the chances of conception include: 


The growth of uterine muscle which is non-cancerous is known as Fibroids. They cause hindrance in implantation or obstruct the sperm’s or egg’s path of movement based on its size and location of growth. 

Uterine Abnormalities

Because of congenital reasons, some women have abnormally shaped uterus. The deformity in the structure causes issues in achieving pregnancy and poses a high risk of recurrent miscarriages.  


Endometriosis is a condition that has a major contribution to infertility in women. Endometriosis is a condition that includes the growth of the inner uterine lining to the outside of the uterus, such as ovaries, the back of the uterus, fallopian tubes and the pelvic region. 

It leads to blockage in fallopian tubes, hampered implantation and inflammation in the uterus. The condition needs to be treated at the best IVF centre in Ludhiana to prevent an increase in implantation failures and recurrent miscarriages. 

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID):

Pelvic inflammatory disease is another major reason for infertility. The disease is an infection caused in the female reproductive organs by sexually transmitted bacteria which spreads from the vagina making its way to the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. The disease can result in an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy and infertility. 

Tubal Related Infertility

The fertilisation of the egg with sperm is prevented by the blockage in the fallopian tube. Even though the egg is fertilised, the blockage in the fallopian tube prevents the embryo from being transported to the uterus. This results in an ectopic pregnancy that needs medical attention at the best IVF centre in Ludhiana

The reason for blockage in the fallopian tube can be sexually transmitted infections like Chlamydia and Gonorrhea, scarring due to any previous surgeries, Chronic PID, Endometriosis, Fibroids or Polyps, etc. 

Some other factors that hinder conception include: 

  • Age
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Smoking and alcohol consumption
  • Obesity 
  • Deficiencies and other nutritional factors
  • Stress

It is ideal to address your infertility problems to get the best IVF treatment in Punjab. The sooner you address your problems to an IVF expert, the better result you will be able to get through the IVF procedure.

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